D9.6 Dissemination Report and Updated Plan v2

This deliverable presents the second Dem@Care dissemination report. Dem@Care as a multi-disciplinary, multi-partner research endeavour aspires to contribute to the independence of people with dementia. The social, economical and research dimensions of the Dem@Care project make dissemination activities of paramount importance. The second year of the project has seen a marked increase in academic dissemination, which is in accordance with the original dissemination plan. This year has also seen some significant work in the planning and hosting of, and participation in physical, face-to-face events. Individual partner-level activities are also explained within the document.

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D3.2 Early Fusion and Mining v1

This deliverable contains the first version of algorithms for early fusion and mining of multi-modal sensor data, in order to extract and recognise specific patterns and detect unusual and critical events. Initially, work is described to combine the Philips DTI-2 data and the Gear4 Renew Sleepclock in order tomeasure parameters of the PwD that relate to their daily activity patterns. Work on WIMU sensors is presented, describing algorithms created for processing accelerometer, gyroscope and magnetometer data. Finally the CEP engine is introduced. CEP is used to combine information and infer events. Detailed implementation and results are shown and future work is discussed.

D5.3 Behavioural Profile Learning

This document presents the current work carried out with respect to behavioural profile learning for the purpose of supporting the patientcustomised services targeted within Dem@Care. The objective of behavioural profile learning is to dynamically discover person-specific behaviour patterns that can be utilised to improve the recognition of
the performed activities and to allow for PwD-tailored behaviour interpretation and assessment. These behaviour patterns may encapsulate a variety of aspects, including the manner in which daily activities are performed, idiosyncratic and habitual knowledge, as well as recurrent routines. In this report, we present the first efforts
towards the aforementioned directions. Two approaches for discovering, modelling and recognising ADL are proposed, a
supervised one using egocentric video data as input, and an unsupervised one using as input data from a fixed camera. The goal is to allow for the discovery of behaviour patterns through machine learning. In addition, an ontology-based pattern-oriented approach is presented for capturing in a formal manner higher-level behavioural aspects that encapsulate richer semantics.

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D2.6 Functional requirements and scenarios v2

This deliverable re-evaluates and updates the functional requirements outlined by D2.2 Functional Requirements & Scenarios v1 in a first step based on preliminary interviews and clinical experiences from the @Lab recording sessions, and expert evaluations described in D8.3 Initial Pilots Evaluation. Due to a delay in the completion and installation of the first prototype of the Dem@Care system the subsequent revision of the functional requirements has been delayed for each site as well. The functional requirements will be progressed within continuous evaluation activities. In this deliverable, requirements and scenarios for each main scenario (@Lab, @NursingHome, @Home) are
discussed, recommendations for the Dem@care team for speech assessment based on a literature review is described, and studies of cognitive stimulation and sensor wearability are presented, which also fed into the revision of the requirements. A table representing the priorities of the different functional requirements has been created in order to inform the order of further technical development.

D8.3 Initial Pilots Evaluation

This second interim deliverable details the updated methods, protocols and initial results for evaluating the
acceptability and usability of the Dem@Care system. The current status of the pilots and evaluation activities are
described in relation to the DoW. Following this, the current evaluation status for the @Lab, @Nursing home
and @Home studies are described in depth. Due to a delay in the completion and installation of the first
prototype of the Dem@Care system the subsequent pilot evaluations have been delayed for each site. The delay is
addressed with longer and continuous evaluation activities, which at the end will result to longer periods
than initially foreseen. In this second interim deliverable, research questions, recruitment, clinical assessment,
system acceptability, initial results, updated methods and protocols are presented. Potential issues related to the
evaluation of the Dem@Care system have been identified and highlighted as important areas for further exploration during the course of evaluation and iterative design of the system.


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D5.2 Multi-Parametric Behaviour Interpretation v2

This deliverable describes the current version of the behavioural interpretation framework of Dem@Care. The aim of the Dem@Care multi-parametric behaviour interpretation framework is to fuse information coming from a multitude of sensors and draw high-level interpretations regarding behavioural aspects of the person with dementia (PwD). The low-level sensory data analysis results are provided to Work Package 5 by Work Package 3 and Work Package 4 using as a common reference point the knowledge structures defined in D5.1 “Semantic Knowledge Structures and Representation” whereas information fusion is implemented in two components: Complex Activity Recognition (CAR) and Semantic Interpretation (SI). The CAR component focuses on extracting information relevant to the position, elementary and more complex states and activities of the PwD, by employing a hierarchical modelbased approach that uses a generic constraint-based ontology language to describe the states/activities/events models of interest. The SI component deals with extracting information of higher abstraction such as complex situations, functional problems and
summaries of PwD behavioural aspects of clinical interest by espousing a hybrid approach that combines ontology- and rulebased reasoning.

D4.2 Activities Monitoring & Lifelogging v1

This report presents the current research results of WP4 in Dem@care project. In Dem@care project, WP4 is responsible for analyzing low-level audio and visual sensoring data to provide useful information for behaviour interpretation components in WP5. In this report, we describe our advances concerning videobased posture recognition, action recognition, activity monitoring, and lifelogging relevant to dementia diagnosis and monitoring. All of them have either higher or comparable performance than the state-ofthe art in the corresponding domain.

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D2.5 Ethical Guidelines

The Dem@Care project will develop and evaluate a technical service that will benefit people with dementia (PwD), their family members, and professional carers. The cognitive impairments of the PwD add complexity that poses serious ethical challenges for the researchers. The ethical guidelines are based on the experience and reviews of
literature and fundamental rights and standards that are relevant for the project. The guideline describes some specific ethical challenges for the project and guidance on how to deal with them. This includes the challenge of how to involve the PwD and their family member as active members in the R&D process and how to deal with the challenge of informed consent. The specific challenges of the three contexts for test of the Dem@Care system, the clinical setting, the home setting, and the nursing home setting, are also described. In addition, the ethical issues related to use of cameras, audio recordings, location sensors, and integration of sensor data are also described. Finally, guidelines on key ethical issues for field test personnel, researchers, and technical developers are provided.

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Dissemination Report and Updated Plan v2

This deliverable D9.6 presents the second Dem@Care dissemination report. Dem@Care as a multi-disciplinary, multi-partner research endeavour aspires to contribute to the independence of people with dementia. The social, economical and research dimensions of the Dem@Care project make dissemination activities of paramount importance. The second year of the project has seen a marked increase in academic dissemination, which is in accordance with the original dissemination plan. This year has also seen some significant work in the planning and hosting of, and participation in physical, face-to-face events. Individual partner-level activities are also explained within the document.
Download the report


Early Fusion and Mining v1

This deliverable D3.2 contains the first version of algorithms for early fusion and mining of multi-modal sensor data, in order to extract and recognise specific patterns and detect unusual and critical events.
Download the report


Behavioural Profile Learning

This deliverable D5.3 presents the current work carried out with respect to behavioural profile learning for the purpose of  supporting the patientcustomised services targeted within Dem@Care. The objective of behavioural profile learning is to dynamically discover person-specific behaviour patterns that can be utilised to improve the recognition of the performed activities and to allow for PwD-tailored behaviour interpretation and assessment. These behaviour patterns may encapsulate a variety of aspects, including the manner in which daily activities are performed, idiosyncratic and habitual knowledge, as
well as recurrent routines.
Download the report.


Functional requirements and scenarios v2

This deliverable D2.6 Functional requirements and scenarios re-evaluates and updates the functional requirements outlined by D2.2 Functional Requirements & Scenarios v1 in a first step based on preliminary interviews and clinical experiences from the @Lab recording sessions, and expert evaluations described in D8.3 Initial Pilots Evaluation. Due to a delay in the completion and installation of the first prototype of the Dem@Care system the subsequent revision of the functional requirements has been delayed for each site as well.The functional requirements will be progressed within continuous evaluation activities. In this deliverable, requirements and scenarios for each main scenario (@Lab, @NursingHome, @Home) are discussed, recommendations for the Dem@care team for speech assessment based on a literature review is described, and studies of cognitive stimulation and sensor wearability are presented, which also fed into the revision of the requirements. A table representing the priorities of the different functional requirements has been created in order to inform the order of further technical development.
Download the report


Initial pilots evaluation

This D8.3 deliverable details the updated methods, protocols and initial results for evaluating the acceptability and usability of the Dem@Care system. The current status of the pilots and evaluation activities are described in relation to the DoW. Following this, the current evaluation status for the @Lab, @Nursing home and @Home studies are described in depth.
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Activities Monitoring & Lifelogging v1

This report presents the current research results of WP4: Situational Analysis of Daily Activities, in Dem@care project. WP4 is responsible for analyzing low-level audio and visual sensoring data to provide useful information for behaviour interpretation components in WP5: Medical Ambient Intelligence. Advances are presented concerning video-based posture recognition, action recognition, activity monitoring, and lifelogging relevant to dementia diagnosis and monitoring. All of them have either higher or comparable performance than the state-of-the art in the corresponding domain.
Download the report


Multi-Parametric Behaviour Interpretation v1

This deliverable describes the current version of the behavioural interpretation framework of Dem@Care. The aim of the Dem@Care multi-parametric behaviour interpretation framework is to fuse information coming from a multitude of sensors and draw high-level interpretations regarding behavioural aspects of the person with dementia (PwD). The low-level sensory data analysis results are provided to Work Package 5 by Work Package 3 and Work Package 4 using as a common reference point the knowledge structures defined in D5.1 “Semantic Knowledge Structures and Representation” whereas information fusion is implemented in two components: Complex Activity Recognition (CAR) and Semantic Interpretation (SI). The CAR component focuses on extracting information relevant to the position, elementary and more complex states and activities of the PwD, by employing a hierarchical model-based approach that uses a generic constraint-based ontology language to describe the states/activities/events models of interest. The SI component deals with extracting information of higher abstraction such as complex situations, functional problems and summaries of PwD behavioural aspects of clinical interest by espousing a hybrid approach that combines ontology- and rule-based reasoning.
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Case-based Feedback Adaptation v1

This report presents the specifications and information requirements that must be fulfilled in order to determine the appropriate feedback for the different situations in which the Dem@Care system will be used. It also investigates the means by which this feedback should be communicated to the user.
Mathematical tools for modelling activities including context-prediction, behavioural analysis, and activity recognition are reviewed, as input for further work. The mathematical model will help provide appropriate feedback only when necessary and will be used to generate alarms, reminders, and instructions.
Feedback will be given mostly through visual means (lights, pictures, and text) and audio cues will be used bring attention to system-initiated feedback. Voice prompts will be used to facilitate forward navigation in user interfaces.
Navigation for Persons with Dementia will be based on prioritized tasks that mirror real-life activities. Mathematical tools for modelling activities including context-prediction, behavioural analysis, and activity recognition are reviewed, as input for further work. The mathematical model will help provide appropriate feedback only when necessary and will be used to generate alarms, reminders, and instructions. Feedback will be given mostly through visual means (lights, pictures, and text) and audio cues will be used bring attention to system-initiated feedback. Voice prompts will be used to facilitate forward navigation in user interfaces. Navigation for Persons with Dementia will be based on prioritized tasks that mirror real-life
activities.
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Experimentation Protocols

The purpose of this report is to describe the current experimentation protocols of the three pilots to be conducted in Lab based, Nursing-Home based and Home based environments.It presents updated plans for piloting and motivates the changes based on analysis made in “Evaluation Protocols and Methodology” task, as foreseen in the Description-of-Work.
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Semantic Knowledge Structures and Representation

The purpose of this document is to describe the current content of the Dem@Care ontology and the methodology adopted to build it. First, the purpose, scope, intended users and uses, and the requirements of the ontology as identified at this phase of the project are described.
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Training Data Collection & Annotation

This report presents processes and tools for training sensor data collection and manual annotation, supporting the analysis and interpretation tasks within the activities: Health and Lifestyle Monitoring and Analysis and Situational Analysis of Daily Activities.
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Initial Dissemination Plan

This report presents an initial planning for the dissemination activities that will be performed during the course of the  Dem@Care and serves as an initial guideline and planning document to achieve dissemination objectives set by the Dem@Care project.
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Ethical Literature Review

The introduction of Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) technologies triggers serious ethical issues regarding their usage. This report carries out and presents a systematic review of existing literature on the ethical aspects relevant to Dem@Care.
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